Today we are experiencing the biggest refugee crisis of our time. Wars and persecutions have forced many people to flee their homes, resulting in 65.3 million displaced people globally in 2015. Among them almost 21.3 million are refugees, with 51% being children under the age of 18. With the use of data visualisation, this project will illustrate the journeys of the refugees, hoping to effectively communicate the magnitude of this issue to the public.
REFUGEES : POPULATION
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By the end of 2016, the countries of origin with the highest number of refugees were Syria (4.9m), Afghanistan (2.7m) and Somalia (1.1m).
The countries hosting the largest numbers of refugees were in developing regions.
The overwhelming majority of these refugees are hosted by developing and neighbouring countries: 12.4 million refugees, 86% of the total refugee population. Turkey is the largest refugee-hosting country (2.5m), followed by Pakistan (1.6m) and Lebanon (1.1m).
The global number of refugees has increased in the past 10 years, from less then 15 million total refugees to 21.3 million at the end of 2016. The conflict that is occurring in Syria was one of the determining cause for this constant increase.
Syria saw the sharpest rise in refugee numbers over the past decade, from just over 12 thousand refugees to 5.3 million by the end of 2016, whereas Afghanistan, which has been a major country of origin for refugees over 33 years, still has a smaller refugee population. Somalia's refugee population doubled from around 500 thousand to 1.1 million.
Recent statistics gathered by the UN show that children under the age of 18 represent more than half (51%) of the entire refugee population, these numbers have continued to rise over the past decade. Refugees between the age of 18 and 59 years represent 45% of the population, while the remaining 4% is 60 years or older.
In 2015, among the refugee children, approximately 98,400 were unaccompanied or separated. There are many reasons for this; some children being separated from their family during the endless and dangerous journey, others are sent alone by desperate parents hoping for them to find safety elsewhere, others are orphans.
There are only a few different solutions for refugees. When possible, voluntary repatriation may be one of these for those who have made the brave decision to return home.
Conflicts, wars and persecutions, prevent some refugees from returning home, an alternative for those affected is resettlement in another country.
Integration within the host population is another alternative for those who are unable to return home.
During the past decade, 1.1 million refugees around the world have become citizens in their country of asylum. These solutions can make a huge difference in the refugees lives, offering them important opportunities.
"These are not statistics, these are not numbers; these are individuals fighting for survival and the safety of their families.”- Giles Duley